When to image what on the moon
and a hint about which filter to use

This table gives insight when a lunar object is most favourably illuminated so that imaging gives best results.

The moon age can best be retrieved via this Moontool
In my opinion this the best (and FREE !!) Lunar Atlas: The Virtual Moon Atlas

Moon age
in days
Object #Object legenda
(ref Ruckl Moon Atlas)
Object legenda
(ref Ruckl Moon Atlas)
0Nil (New Moon)1.Clavius (72,73)31. Mons Pico & Montes Terriffe (11)
1502.Janssen (67,68)32. Mons Piton (12)
250, 13, 21, 42 3.Plato (3,4)33. Montes Alpes (4,12)
321, 42, 50, 2, 264.Ptolemaeus (44)34. Montes Apenninus, Rima Hadley (22)
49, 175.Sinus Iridium (10)35. Rupes Altai (57)
517, 356.Gassendi (52)36. Lacus Mortis 14)
615, 35, 36, 37, 38, 87.Copernicus (31)37. Dorsa Smirnov & Posidonius (14,24)
78, 24, 41, 23, 20, 278.Aristoteles (5)38. Lamont (35)
83, 4, 16, 20, 23, 27, 329.Theophilus (46,47)39. Hesiodus A (54)
91, 3, 7, 10, 14, 31, 3310. Tycho (64)40. Wargentin (70)
101, 5, 25, 29, 39, 4511. Tycho (64)41. Linne (23)
115, 6, 28, 36, 4712. Byrgius A (50,51)42. Messier & Messier A (48)
1218, 19, 22, 3013. Proclus (26)43. Reiner Gamma (28)
1343, 4414. Greater chain near Stadius (20,32)44. Mons Rumker (8)
1448, 4015. Statio Tranquillitatis (35)45. Bridge over Bullialdus W (53)
154016. Mosting A (43,44)46. Hainzel composite crater (63)
1612, 4917. Censorinus (47)47. Schiller (71)
171218. Aristarchus (18)48. Bailly (71)
181219. Vallis Schroteri (18)49. Mare Marginis (27,38, iii)
1912, 13, 21, 42, 5020. Vallis Alpes (4,12)50. Mare Crisum (26,27,37,38)
2012, 2, 26, 5021. Vallis Rheita (68)
2112, 922. Rima Marius (18)
2212, 17, 3523. Rimae Triesnecker & Hyginus (33)
2312, 15, 36, 37, 3824. Rima Ariadaeus (34)
2412, 24, 41, 20, 2325. Rimae Hippalus (52,53)
2512, 4, 16, 27, 32, 3426. Hyperbolas near Cauchy (36)
263, 7, 10, 14, 3127. Rupes Recta (54)
275, 45, 25, 29, 3928. Mons Gruithuisen Gamma (9)
285, 28, 36, 47, 25, 29, 3929. Domes Hortensius & Milichius (30)
2918, 19, 22, 3030. Domes Marius (29)

QCUIAG member Ed Roach has this recipe to image the moon:
"I use a green filter to increase resolution.
Most people image the Moon using a red or red+infrared filter. The red filters help when the seeing is fair to poor because longer wavelengths of light are less effected by atmospheric turbulence.
When the seeing is good you want to use a filter with shorter wavelengths, because resolution increases as wavelengths decrease.
A blue filter would be optimum under superb seeing conditions, but since I only have an 8" aperture and the CCD chip in the camera is most sensitive to green light, I use the green filter.
With a blue filter the image would be darker and I would have to compensate with higher gain, longer exposures or both."